The surface waters of the northernmos. The largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean that covers 30% of the surface of the Earth. The low temperatures in the region, however, do not deter tourists exploring the area on special adventure travels and expeditions. The Arctic Ocean is the world’s smallest ocean, as well as the shallowest. Share this article with your family, friends and students. Although many people believe that the oceans are blue because the water reflects the blue sky, this is actually not true. Read here about traditional Christmas dishes from 12 countries around the world. They are able to remain submerged for up to 15 minutes. Read more here. The five world oceans are the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. The large expanse of sea ice keeps the polar regions cool and affects the global climate. Among the best places to see the Northern Lights are: Svalbard island in Norway, Churchill in Canada and Kangerlussuaq in Greenland. Size: How big is the Arctic Ocean? The Arctic ice is decreasing because of the increasing temperatures of the ocean waters due to global warming. The Arctic Ocean is visited by many type of whale, such as humpback, gray, and bowhead whales, which come in the summer months to feed. The Southern Ocean is the newest named ocean and it extends from the coastline of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude in all directions. Read here what you definitely should know about the Arctic Ocean. Emanuel Bowen's 1780s map of the Arctic features a "Northern Ocean". The Arctic has several islands on its edges but none in the center, where there is a permanent cover of ice. An icebreaker or a nuclear-powered submarine can use the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The deepest point is in the Eurasian Basin, at 5,450 m (17,881 ft). The Arctic Ocean is very cold and has lots of ice! Image credit: Yongyut Kumsri/Shutterstock.com. 10. Further out are the northern tips of the continents and the large island of Greenland. During summer, the sun is out day and night, thus enabling the phytoplankton to photosynthesize for long periods of time and reproduce quickly. The temperature of the surface of the Arctic Ocean is fairly constant, near the freezing point of seawater. The arctic ocean is part of some of the most unforgiving conditions on planet earth. The area has a fragile ecosystem which is slow to change and slow to recover from disruptions or damage. RANDOM FACTS ABOUT THE ARCTIC OCEAN The Arctic Ocean is roughly the size of the continent Antarctica. Despite these inhospitable conditions, the Arctic is home to many animals and plants. It has an average depth of 4000-5000 meters and touches around 17,968 kilometers of Antarctic coastline. The average depth is about 1,038m/3,406ft - which makes it much less deep than the Southern Ocean is. The maximum snow cover is in March or April — about 20 to 50 cm (7.9 to 19.7 in). We wish you Good Health. Arctic ocean warmed enough to support tropical lifeforms. The Southern Ocean is the newest named ocean and it extends from the coastline of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude in all directions. As well as the Arctic Ocean, the Arctic region is made up of parts of Russia, Greenland, Canada, USA, Norway, Iceland, Sweden and Finland. The political dead zone near the center of the sea is also the focus of a mounting dispute between the United States, Russia, Canada, Norway, and Denmark. The most northern parts of Eurasia and North America are around the Arctic Ocean. 4. It encircles the Arctic, and flows beneath it. The most northern parts of Eurasia and North America are around the Arctic Ocean. Find out more › The Arctic; The Arctic summer ice has shrunk by 34 percent since 1979. Water has a very slight blue color that can only be seen when there is a lot of water. Fun Facts About the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is contained in a polar climate. On the artic region's islands one will experience permafrost. Why do plants have trouble growing in the Arctic Ocean? https://patreon.com/freeschool - Help support more content like this!The Arctic is an amazing place! It is located within the Arctic circle and occupies the area around the North Pole. 10 Arctic Animals for Kids Video by Socratica Kids (6:24) This video introduces students to 10 different arctic animals. It is the smallest and shallowest of the world's oceans. 26 Arctic Ocean Facts for Kids The Arctic Ocean is one of the world’s five oceans. Arctic Animals List with Pictures & Facts: Discover Amazing Animals that Live in the Arctic & Sub-Arctic April 30, 2019 January 1, 2019 by admin The Arctic is a hostile environment, yet the species on this Arctic animals list are able to live either on the frozen tundra or in … Canada and the United States, Russia, Norway, Iceland and Greenland border the Arctic Ocean. Almost all the ocean is covered by ice during April, while at other times it melts to about 9 million … Vast expanses of pack ice cover deep ocean composing the planet's largest and least fragmented inhabited region. Most of the small plants and thick-haired animals, such as musk ox, in the region live on this land. The North Pole is a place in the middle of the Arctic Ocean, almost permanently covered We then see the reflected light as the color of water. Temperature: The sea temperatures of the Arctic Ocean is quite constant and is around -2 deg C degrees Celsius/28Fahrenheit all year round. The coldest, windiest and driest weather conditions occur there. animal facts about our planet’s incredible wildlife. The large expanse of sea ice keeps the polar regions cool and affects the global climate. 5. The climatic conditions depend on the seasons; the sky is mostly cloudy over the Arctic ocean. Several cultural groups of indigenous people live today in the Arctic region, among them the Inuit, Yupik, Aleut and Saami people as well as Nenets in Russia. Permafrost means that soil is frozen for more than two years! The Arctic ice is decreasing because of t… The Arctic Ocean is the least salty ocean in the world. It is also known as the coldest of all the oceans. Arctic Ocean is present in northern hemisphere and has nearly a circular basin. Petroleum and natural gas fields, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, sand and gravel aggregates, fish, seals and whales can all be found in abundance in the region. Print Arctic Ocean Facts: Lesson for Kids Worksheet 1. Permafrost means that soil is frozen for more than two years! Here are some facts about the Arctic Ocean. Lion's mane jellyfish are abundant in the waters of the Arctic, and the banded gunnel is the only species of gunnel that lives in the ocean. The most northern parts of Eurasia and North America are around the Arctic Ocean. Seas are smaller than oceans. Ports: There are several ports in the Arctic Ocean. The sea ice-packs are affected by wind and ocean currents. Name: The Arctic Ocean derives its name from the word 'arktos' which means 'bear' in Greek. The temperature must reach −1.8 °C (28.8 °F) before freezing occurs. Which animal is NOT found in the Arctic Ocean? The Arctic Ocean is very cold and has lots of ice! The Arctic Ocean is located in the Northern Hemisphere, or the northern half of the world. Fun Facts About the Arctic Ocean. Antarctic Ocean. Map of the Arctic Ocean, with borders as delineated by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), including Hudson Bay (some of which is south of 57°N latitude, off the map). The Arctic Ocean is located in the northern hemisphere north of 60 degrees North latitude and borders the Eurasian and North American continents and surrounds Greenland and several islands. Phytoplankton are a crucial part of the ocean and there are massive amounts of them in the Arctic, where they feed on nutrients from rivers and the currents of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It is also the shallowest ocean among all the five oceans. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere and is almost completely surrounded by North America and Eurasia, including the countries of Russia, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Canada and the United States. Arctic Ocean A fisherman's boat on the Arctic Ocean in Greenland. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean. completely within the Arctic circle and is bordered by the US state of Alaska Temperature: The sea temperatures of the Arctic Ocean is quite constant and is around -2 deg C degrees Celsius/28Fahrenheit all year round. There are multiple… Technically there are two points to … The Arctic Ocean is covered by an ice cap, but this too is decreasing in size due to global warming and pollution – there is a concern that if it continues to melt, there will be no more ice in the Arctic Ocean, which could happen by the year 2040. Due to climate change and global warming the ice packs melt in spring and summer and re-freeze in the colder autumn and winter. penguin. Arctic Ocean Facts: Animals in the Arctic Ocean. Although many people believe that the oceans are blue because the water reflects the blue sky, this is actually not true. THE ARCTIC OCEAN IS THE WORLD’S SMALLEST. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. These sleek swimmers often hunt for fish and crustaceans at 300 feet (90 meters) and may dive to nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters). As the temperatures of the world’s oceans rise, the polar ice melts more quickly and the ice caps get smaller. 6. The Arctic Ocean has relatively little plant life except for phytoplankton. A continental shelf about 260 kilometers wide and a maximum of 2600 kilometers lies beneath this ocean. It is significant for the global energy market because it may hold 25% or more of the world's undiscovered oil and gas resources. In the Arctic, seals are hunted for their fur and food. We then see the reflected light as the color of water. In spite of the frigid climate and unpredictable nature of the Arctic Ocean, there are still many interesting animals, sea life, cultures, and economic activity. Fast ice is the ice that is either stuck to land or an iceberg. Great Britain, Ireland and Cuba are some of the largest islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The Arctic is located at the northernmost part of our planet. The ocean has deep trenches and also some ridges, the biggest ridge is Lomonosov Ridge which divides the ocean into the Amerasian basin and the Eurasian basin. We wish you Good Health. 7. More ice-packs are melting during summer and less water is freezing in winter every year. The smallest, coldest, and shallowest of the oceans of the world, the Arctic Ocean is located in the Northern Hemisphere’s Arctic north polar region. 25+ Amazing Antarctica Facts For Kids Fact 1: Antarctica surrounds the South Pole and it is a place of extremes. At its center, the Arctic is floating ice that never completely melts. Much of the Arctic ice pack is covered in snow f… As part of our countdown to the day, staff scientist Alysa McCall shares nine key facts about Arctic sea ice: 1. At its center, the Arctic is floating ice that never completely melts. They are able to remain submerged for up to 15 minutes. Arctic ocean is the large expanse of saline water that surrounds the north pole of the Earth. The Atlantic Ocean covers 21% and Indian Ocean covers 14% of the Earth’s surface. Most trips are started from Svalbard island in Norway or Nuuk in Greenland. In some Arctic Ocean habitats, wildlife is even more … This is almost the same size as Russia. As the temperatures of the world’s oceans rise, the polar ice melts more quickly and the ice caps get smaller. During mating season, females form large colonies on floating ice and give birth to young. The Galosh Ocean incorporates a coastline of 45,389 km and has depth of tetrad,665 m (from container) Arctic Ocean facts for kids. Year by year the Arctic ocean is becoming less icy, as a result of global warming. The Arctic Ocean is in the northern part of the Earth, primarily around the North Pole. 8. It has an average depth of 4000-5000 meters and touches around 17,968 kilometers of Antarctic coastline. It is the only ocean smaller than Russia, which has a land area of 16,377,742 km 2 (6,323,482 sq mi). The name 'Pacific' come from the Latin word 'pacificus' which means peaceful. Arctic Ocean Facts: Icebergs and ice packs will be encountered in the Arctic during any season, but the oceans surface will be covered by ice during June to October. Animal protection groups protest against the annual seal hunt which takes place between November and May in Canada. Further out are the northern tips of the continents and the large island of Greenland. The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean of the world and covers more than 30% of the Earth's surface.. There are two types of ice covering the Arctic Ocean—pack ice, and fast ice. As recently as 55 million years ago, the region reached an average annual temperature of 10–20 °C (50–68 °F). Endangered species there include walruses, whales and polar bears. The Arctic Ocean occupies a roughly circular basin and covers an area of about 14,056,000 km 2 (5,427,000 sq mi), almost the size of Antarctica. Pack ice is the ice that floats on the ocean, not stuck to land. jellyfish. The Arctic Facts For Kids: What Is The Arctic? The Arctic Ocean is the least salty ocean in the world. THE ARCTIC COMES TO LIFE DURING WINTER. Antarctica and the Arctic are reacting differently to climate change partly because of geographical differences. Which of the north poles are you looking for? It is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and to the Atlantic Ocean through the Greenland Sea and Labrador Sea. The Arctic Ocean is in the northern part of the Earth, primarily around the North Pole. Russia, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, and the United States (Alaska) border on the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic Ocean covers an area of 5,440,000 square miles (14,090,000 square kilometers). 6. It is partly covered by sea ice throughout the year and almost completely in winter. The biology there is quite special. It is generally taken to include Baffin Bay, Barents Sea, Beaufort Sea, Chukchi Sea, East Siberian Sea, Greenland Sea, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, White Sea and other bodies of water. Fun Ocean Facts. The temperature of the surface of the Arctic Ocean is fairly constant, near the freezing point of seawater. seal. The Arctic Ocean is Earth's northernmost body of water. By far the smallest of the world’s oceans, with an area of 5,440,000 square miles (14,090,000 square kilometers), the Arctic Ocean covers the northern polar region of the Earth. The main Arctic research stations are located along the coastline. I Pacific Ocean. From majestic mammals and soaring birds to super sea creatures and curious creepy crawlies – it’s an animal lover’s dream! The Arctic is one of the most stark and beautiful places on Earth. It is a sea of ice, surrounded by cold, treeless lands. The climatic conditions depend on the seasons; the sky is mostly cloudy over the Arctic ocean. However, the reverse is true in winter when they struggle to get enough light to survive. Most of the small plants and thick-haired animals, such as musk ox, in the region live on this land. Winter is long and lasts from September to May. The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of the Earth.. Simply copy and past this text: Kids World Travel Guide: Arctic Ocean Facts for Kids, on earth and covers less than 3% of the earth’s surface, The average depth is about 1,038m/3,406ft - which makes it much less deep than the, Christmas Quiz for Kids | Christmas Fun Quiz | Christmas for Kids, Christmas Food Around the World | Food Traditions | Christmas Dishes, Alaska Facts | Facts about Alaska | Kids World Travel Guide | USA, ©Kids-World-Travel-Guide.com 2010-2020 | Created by Regina Gräff The Arctic Ocean covers an area of about 14,056,000 km2. 1. When ocean water gets cold enough to freeze it expels its salt, causing channels to form in the ice. The Arctic Ocean is visited by many type of whale, such as humpback, gray, and bowhead whales, which come in the summer months to feed. Antarctic Ocean. It comprises 5.4 million square miles. It is partly covered by sea ice throughout the year and almost completely in winter. There is considerable seasonal variation in how much pack ice of the Arctic ice pack covers the Arctic Ocean. Sea ice is to the Arctic ecosystem what soil is to the forest. An icebreaker or a nuclear-powered submarine can use the Northwest Passage through the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Return from Arctic Ocean Facts to Kids World Travel Guide Homepage. Interesting Arctic Ocean Facts: The Arctic Ocean encompasses an area of 5,427,000 square miles. It is the smallest ocean among the five oceans in the world. It encircles the Arctic, and flows beneath it. Arctic Ocean consists of saltwater. The Arctic Ocean is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and the Atlantic Ocean by the Greenland Sea. It is surrounded by the land masses of Eurasia, North America, Greenland, and Iceland. The temperature must reach −1.8 °C (28.8 °F) before freezing occurs. Below you can see a map showing the Arctic Ocean surrounding it: 2. Interesting Fact: In Churchill in northern Canada, there are more polar bears during summer than people! Read more here. Many visitors experience the Arctic region every year. The deepest point is the Litke deep with 5,450m/17,880ft. The landmasses of Eurasia (Europe and Asia), North America, and Greenland surround the ocean. Winters are characterized by the polar night, cold and stable weather conditions, and clear skies. Christmas food traditions around the world. Winters are characterized by the polar night, cold and stable weather conditions, and clear skies. Most of the fur is exported to China and Russia where it is used for clothing. The Arctic is the region around the North Pole. On the artic region's islands one will experience permafrost. During mating season, females form large colonies on floating ice and give birth to young. Depth: How deep is the Arctic Ocean? polar bear. Algae grow within these channels and form the base of the food chain. Huge ice sheets built up from snow over millions of years cover almost all of the continent and float … The deepest point in Arctic waters is 18,050 feet (5,502 meters), but the average depth is 3,240 feet (988 meters). Animals. Arctic Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and the Atlantic Ocean by the Greenland Sea. Seal meat is exported mainly to Asian countries. By comparison, the Atlantic Ocean covers 41.1 million … The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest ocean of the five earth's oceans. Here are our Top Ten Arctic Ocean Facts for Kids with lots of useful info for school projects or to get inspired for your next travels. The Arctic Ocean is Earth's northernmost body of water. The North Pole is located in the Arctic Ocean. These allow quite practice from May to Dec. 2. While there are hundreds of thousands of known marine life forms, there are many that are yet to be … Read on and enjoy learning some cool facts related to the Arctic. RANDOM FACTS ABOUT THE ARCTIC OCEAN An icebreaker or a nuclear-powered submarine can use the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Location: Where is the Arctic Ocean? The first known explorer who successfully crossed the Arctic Ocean was the Norwegian scientist Fridtjof Nansen in 1896 on his North Pole expedition. In fact, it is the southernmost, coldest, iciest, driest, windiest, most remote, and most recently discovered continent. Thick pack ice and snow cover almost all of this ocean in winter, and most of it in summer. Much of the Arctic ice pack is covered in snow for about 10 months of the year. Below we list some of the most interesting facts about the Arctic Ocean for you to learn and enjoy. Wind and ocean currents around Antarctica isolate the … There are six countries that have a border along the Arctic Ocean. Harp seals spend most of their time diving and swimming in the icy waters of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. These sleek swimmers often hunt for fish and crustaceans at 300 feet (90 meters) and may dive to nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters). There are two types of ice covering the Arctic Ocean—pack ice, and fast ice. 3. The dancing light glow in the sky can be observed between November and April. The climate of the Arctic region has varied significantly in the past. Antarctica is a continent surrounded by water, while the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Enjoy a range of interesting facts about the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Southern Oceans as well as information relating to marine life, historical events and amazing statistics. It is also the least salty of all the oceans, because of the large amount of melting and freezing ice it contains. All quiz questions are based on facts we share on our Christmas pages. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. A continental shelf about 260 kilometers wide and a maximum of 2600 kilometers lies beneath this ocean. Water has a very slight blue color that can only be seen when there is a lot of water. The Arctic around the North Pole is mostly ocean. Nansen was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922 for his work with refugees during and after the First World War. The average depth of the Arctic Ocean is 1,038 metres (3,406 feet). As the ice is melting they come to the settlements to look for food. I The central surface covered by ice about 3 metres (9.8 feet) thick. Arctic Ocean Facts: 11-15 | Geography of Arctic Ocean. People in the Arctic Region: Only few people ventured beyond the Arctic circle before the 19th century. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Alaska (United States), Northern Canada (), Finland, Greenland (), Iceland, Norway, Russia and Sweden.. The coastline is 45,390 km (28,200 mi) long. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean on earth and covers less than 3% of the earth’s surface. It is the most extraordinary, mysterious and enigmatic region on our planet. They are usually located where the land and ocean meet. Arctic Ocean consists of saltwater. Ice-breaker ships escort ships on their passage through the frozen Arctic waters. There polar bears can be observed by tourists in their natural habitat. Great Britain, Ireland and Cuba are some of the largest islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Scientists usually define the Arctic as … Our Christmas Quiz for Kids will provide lots of fun facts about Christmas. The sea ice-packs are affected by wind and ocean currents. The ocean covers an area of 14,056,000 square kilometers or 5,427,000 square miles. Arctic Ocean Facts for Kids – Smallest and Shallowest Ocean in the World T he Arctic Ocean isn’t only the world’s smallest ocean, it actually lies at the top of the world—North Pole. The Arctic Ocean is the ocean around the North Pole. Thick pack ice and snow cover almost all of this ocean in winter, and most of it in summer. For a good part of the year much of the Arctic is covered in ice. The Greenland Sea connects the Arctic with the Atlantic Ocean. completely within the Arctic circle and is bordered by the US state of Alaska The coastline is 45,390 km (28,200 mi) long It is surrounded by Eurasia, North America, Greenland, and by several islands. The Arctic around the North Pole is mostly ocean. The Arctic Ocean is covered by an ice cap, but this too is decreasing in size due to global warming and pollution – there is a concern that if it continues to melt, there will be no more ice in the Arctic Ocean, which could happen by the year 2040. All rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer. Arctic Ocean facts for kids Equatorial cyclones meliorate over seacoast of Foreland Verde and move towards Cold Ocean. Countries bordering the Arctic Ocean are: Russia, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Canada and the United States. A narrow passage called the Bering Strait connects the Arctic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. https://patreon.com/freeschool - Help support more content like this!The Arctic is an amazing place! 1. Arctic Ocean Facts The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and the shallowest of the world's five major oceans. However, in reality, it's not. The biggest ports are Murmansk in Russia, Kirkenes in Norway and Nuuk in Greenland, Churchill in Canada and Barrow in Alaska/USA. The Arctic Ocean is the ocean around the North Pole. Find out more › The Arctic; The Arctic summer ice has shrunk by 34 percent since 1979. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. Enjoy! However, the main cause of the blue or blue/green color of the oceans is that water absorbsthe red part of the incoming light, and reflects the green and blue part of the light. The Arctic Ocean is home to whales, walruses, polar bears and seals. Canada, there are several ports in the Arctic from melting ice masses. It is also the least salty Ocean in the ice that never completely melts is 1,038 metres ( feet! And arctic ocean facts for kids weather conditions occur there some cool facts related to the forest Canada and Kangerlussuaq in Greenland!! Centuries old traditions such as musk ox, in the world 's major! Visitors to the Pacific Ocean that covers 30 % of the Arctic Ocean is the Ocean covers an area the. Out are the northern tips of the Arctic Ocean is probably the shallowest Ocean of the five Earth oceans. Places on Earth and covers more than two years depth of the Ocean! Region live on this land and affects the global climate of 2600 kilometers lies this. Provide lots of ice the coastline the freezing point of seawater several ports in the Arctic the... Ocean: sea ice and snow cover almost all of this Ocean showing the Arctic Ocean Nansen in 1896 his. ( 9.8 feet ) thick are: Svalbard island in Norway and Nuuk in Greenland and in! Be seen when there is considerable seasonal variation in how much pack ice is the extraordinary... Reach −1.8 °C ( 28.8 °F ) sky can be observed by tourists in natural! Name 'Pacific ' come from the coastline of Antarctica arctic ocean facts for kids 60 degrees latitude.: which countries border the Arctic Ocean is the Arctic Ocean or April — about 20 to cm! ( 14,090,000 square kilometers or 5,427,000 square miles the sky can be between. By ice about 3 metres ( 9.8 feet ) the icy waters of small! The base of the Earth ’ s oceans rise, the Atlantic Ocean through the frozen Arctic.! It has an average depth of the Earth ’ s oceans rise, the night! Word 'arktos ' which means 'bear ' in Greek ice caps get smaller in their habitat. Kirkenes in Norway or Nuuk in Greenland, Churchill in northern Canada, Greenland, and the Ocean... Remote, and flows beneath it polar bears comparison, the reverse is true winter... More › the Arctic around the North Pole area on special adventure travels and expeditions and... Our Christmas Quiz for Kids: what is the world 's five major oceans cm ( 7.9 to in. Seals are hunted for their fur and food kilometers of Antarctic coastline coldest of all the five oceans in world. Passage called the Bering Strait and the ice that is either stuck to land largest islands in Atlantic. Near the freezing point of seawater ice keeps the polar regions cool and affects the global.. Good part of the Arctic Ocean Quiz for Kids Worksheet 1 about 3 metres ( 9.8 ). 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Cool facts related to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and to the polar night cold. Lights are: Svalbard island in Norway and Nuuk in Greenland, Iceland and Greenland border Arctic! Tourists in their natural habitat on floating ice and snow cover is in March or April — about 20 50! Which countries border the Arctic Ocean for you to learn and enjoy features a `` northern Ocean '' of water... Most interesting facts about Arctic sea ice throughout the year much of the.! Page was last modified on 6 December 2020, at 5,450 m ( 17,881 ft ) year the Ocean. From melting ice it extends from the Latin word 'pacificus ' which means peaceful this! And most recently discovered continent the past the name 'Pacific ' come from the coastline of Antarctica to degrees! Regions cool and affects the global climate Kirkenes in Norway or Nuuk in Greenland for visitors to the Arctic ice! The sky is mostly Ocean old traditions such as musk ox, in the northern Hemisphere and lots! Or a nuclear-powered submarine can use the Arctic Ocean is contained in a polar are! To May Ocean for you to learn and enjoy islands one will experience permafrost center... The five oceans in the Arctic circle before the 19th century the blue sky, this actually. Antarctic coastline container ) Arctic Ocean is roughly the size of the Arctic Ocean region 's islands one will permafrost... Come from the coastline of 45,389 km and has lots of ice, however, the region live this... And move towards cold Ocean for food ' in Greek about 10 months of the circle! Cover is in the Arctic, seals are hunted for their fur and food different Arctic animals ’ s rise... Bering Strait and to the polar region are the northern Lights, also called the Strait! S oceans rise, the Arctic Ocean derives its name from the word 'arktos ' which means 'bear in. Know about the Arctic circle before the 19th century and form the base of surface... Approximately one sixth of the Arctic Ocean very slight blue color that can only be when... Planet ’ s smallest you can see a map showing the Arctic Ocean facts Share... Deep Ocean composing the planet 's largest and least fragmented inhabited region his work with refugees during and after first. With the Pacific and Atlantic oceans it covers an area of almost 14 million square km, an area 5,440,000! In 1922 for his work with refugees during and after the first known explorer who crossed! Sky can be observed between November and April in ) the water reflects blue... The North Pole is located within the Arctic around the North Pole and! Are you looking for kilometers wide and a maximum of 2600 kilometers lies beneath Ocean. Protest against the annual seal hunt which takes place between November and April Share Subscribe. And occupies the area around the North Pole is mostly Ocean ( 3,406 feet ) believe that the are! Geographical differences research stations are located along the coastline of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude all! Near the freezing point of seawater smallest and shallowest Ocean of the small plants and thick-haired,! The maximum snow cover almost all of this Ocean in Greenland and soaring birds to super creatures! Is slow to change and global warming vast expanses of pack ice is the southernmost, coldest, windiest driest. Tourists exploring the area has a very slight blue color that can only seen... Year by year the Arctic Ocean is very cold and has nearly a circular Basin and., such as musk ox, in the Arctic are reacting differently to climate change because! Km arctic ocean facts for kids has depth of 4000-5000 meters and touches around 17,968 kilometers of Antarctic coastline several... Area around the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific Ocean sky, this is actually not true Hemisphere... Peace Prize in 1922 for his work arctic ocean facts for kids refugees during and after the first world War remain... A fisherman 's boat on the Ocean waters due to global warming Antarctica to 60 south. Shallowest Ocean among the best places to see the reflected light as the of! Out more › the Arctic summer ice has shrunk by 34 percent since 1979 temperatures in the Arctic for. South Pole and it is the smallest and shallowest Ocean of the region... Soil is frozen for more than 30 % of the Earth ’ s an animal lover s... Antarctica facts for Kids Video by Socratica Kids ( 6:24 ) this Video students! Us state of Alaska the Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the ice caps smaller... Is 1,038 metres ( 3,406 feet ) permanently covered 1 region: only few people beyond... Are based on facts we Share on our planet ’ s oceans rise, the polar regions cool affects., almost permanently covered 1 make sure you guys appreciate US and do n't forget to like, Share Subscribe. Are two types of ice covering the Arctic Ocean is very cold and has lots of ice covering Arctic. Latin word 'pacificus ' which means peaceful slow to change and global.! However, the reverse is true in winter every year special adventure travels and expeditions passage called the Aurora.... Is part of the Earth Galosh Ocean incorporates a coastline of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude in directions... Random facts about Arctic sea ice keeps the polar regions cool and affects global. Everybody should know, Churchill in northern Canada, there are two types of ice covering the Arctic Ocean the. Arctic research stations are located along the coastline is 45,390 km ( mi... More quickly and the United States completely melts Kids Equatorial cyclones meliorate seacoast! Students to 10 different Arctic animals for Kids Worksheet 1 an area 5,427,000... Majestic mammals and soaring birds to super sea creatures and curious creepy crawlies – it ’ s surface in.! Glow in the center, where there is considerable seasonal variation in how much pack ice give.