[148] By 1880, farms were in the more verdant valleys of central and western Montana, but few were on the eastern plains. There have also been long-term shifts of party control. [278] As of August 2013, there are 527 FCC-licensed FM radio stations broadcast in Montana, with 114 such AM stations. Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 8.0%. Many people left, and half the banks in the state went bankrupt as a result of providing mortgages that could not be repaid. Burnings of German-language books and several near-hangings occurred. Current Local Time: MST time zone Elevation: 3185 feet Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2017: $925 (0.8%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2017: $1,163 (1.3%) Fallon County, located further south, has reflected a population growth of 10.5%, while over to the west, Gallatin County posted 12.7% population growth. [49] Tablelands are often topped with argillite gravel and weathered quartzite, occasionally underlain by shale. The state is also ranked 50th in the nation in terms of the perentage of African Americans. [122] In the 1850s, settlers began moving into the Beaverhead and Big Hole valleys from the Oregon Trail and into the Clark's Fork valley.[123]. Montana", University of Montana, Bureau of Business and Economic Research 2011, "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Montana: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", Census Bureau-Annual Estimates of Race 2012, Montana Office of Public Instruction 2009, "The Association of Religion Data Archives—Maps & Reports", "Montana Constitution, Article X, section 1", "Montana Schools Try to Keep Indian Students Engaged by Teaching Indian Culture to All", https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_12.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_01.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_08-508.pdf, "MONTANA HISTORY ALMANAC: First school opens doors in Virginia City", Montana High School Association-Football 2013, "Beef Trail Ski Area: A Montana Original", National Park Service-Yellowstone in Winter 2013, https://worldpopulationreview.com/states/suicide-rates-by-state/, Proposed 1972 Constitution for the State of Montana: Official Text With Explanation, 1972–Current Historical Constitutional Initiatives and Constitutional Amendments, "Utah Dept of Alcoholic Beverage Control", "RANKIN, Jeannette | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives", "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Briefs", "Gross Domestic Product by State – Advance Statistics for 2010 and Revised Statistics for 2007–2009", "Billings Logan International Remains Busiest in Montana", "Forest Service Finds Varied Beetle Activity", "Resources for Working With the Indigenous Languages of North America and the Pacific Islands", "U.S. International Borders: Brief Facts", "New Stegner Professor to Hit the Ground Running", "Forecast: More Air Pollution, Study Predicts Global Warming Will Increase Fires in Northern Rockies", "A National Temperature Record at Loma, Montana", "Montana's Rocky Mountain Front: Vegetation Map and Type Descriptions. [243], A variety of sports are offered at Montana high schools. The Montana Legislature is bicameral, and consists of the 50-member Montana Senate and the 100-member Montana House of Representatives. Many people live in rural areas of the state, although some large populations can be found in the cities and towns. There are 18 departments and offices which make up the executive branch: Administration; Agriculture; Auditor (securities and insurance); Commerce; Corrections; Environmental Quality; Fish, Wildlife & Parks; Justice; Labor and Industry; Livestock; Military Affairs; Natural Resources and Conservation; Public Health and Human Services; Revenue; State; and Transportation. It is one of five states to have no sales tax.[301]. [316] All other symbols were adopted throughout the 20th century, save for Montana's newest symbol, the state butterfly, the mourning cloak, adopted in 2001,[314] and the state lullaby, "Montana Lullaby", adopted in 2007. These numbers constituted about ten percent of the state's population, and Montana again contributed one of the highest numbers of soldiers per capita of any state. The lone congressional district has been Republican since 1996 and in 2014 Steve Daines won one of the state's U.S. Senate seats for the GOP. [107], Average annual precipitation is 15 inches (380 mm), but great variations are seen. Soon it will be possible to see the city of Montana on the map. The front is often well defined, causing a large temperature drop in a 24-hour period. Last official estimated population of Montana was 1,032,949 (year 2015) [1].This was 0.3% of total US population. Many species of mushrooms and lichens[90] are also found in the state. [21], The divide's northern section, where the mountains rapidly give way to prairie, is part of the Rocky Mountain Front. [137][138] The Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site in Deer Lodge is maintained today as a link to the ranching style of the late 19th century. After Billings, Missoula is the second-largest city and metropolitan area in Montana. The area west of the divide has a modified northern Pacific Coast climate, with milder winters, cooler summers, less wind, and a longer growing season. The Biggest Cities In Montana In late 1962, missiles assigned to the 341st Strategic Missile Wing played a major role in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}[needs update], Montana is a relative hub of beer microbrewing, ranking third in the nation in number of craft breweries per capita in 2011. BEARFACTS. The highest observed summer temperature was 117 °F or 47.2 °C at Glendive on July 20, 1893, and Medicine Lake on July 5, 1937. In 1870, the non-Indian population of Montana Territory was 20,595. It is ranked 49th in terms of its population of Asian Americans. In 1870 census coverage included all of the present State. and continues to do so. [220], Tourism is also important to the economy, with more than ten million visitors a year to Glacier National Park, Flathead Lake, the Missouri River headwaters, the site of the Battle of Little Bighorn, and three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park. Its rivers feed the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and Hudson Bay. The Kerguelen Islands are antipodal to the Montana–Saskatchewan–Alberta border. Elections in the state have been competitive, with the Democrats usually holding an edge, thanks to the support among unionized miners and railroad workers. Other major ancestral groups are Irish (16.4%), English (13.1%) and Norwegian (10.0%). [321] Similarly, the secretary of state sponsored a children's vote in 1981 to choose a state animal, and after 74 animals were nominated, the grizzly bear won over the elk by a 2–1 margin. [260] Robert Redford's 1992 film of Norman Mclean's novel, A River Runs Through It, was filmed in Montana and brought national attention to fly fishing and the state. [194] Billings (4,619), Great Falls (2,942), Missoula (1,838), Havre (1,210), and Polson (706) have the most Native Americans living there. [130], Simultaneously with these conflicts, bison, a keystone species and the primary protein source that Native people had survived on for centuries, were being destroyed. Pioneering feminist author, film-maker, and media personality Mary MacLane attained international fame in 1902 with her memoir of three months in her life in Butte, The Story of Mary MacLane. [166] In combination, these laws criminalized criticism of the U.S. government, military, or symbols through speech or other means. This statistic shows the resident population in Montana from 1960 to 2019. The eastern and central parts of Montana were acquired as early as the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, but had no organized government until Nebraska Territory was established in 1854. Geography. The Pend Oreille River joined the Columbia River, which flows to the Pacific Ocean—making the 579-mile (932 km) long Clark Fork/Pend Oreille (considered a single river system) the longest river in the Rocky Mountains. Great Falls has the highest percentage of African-Americans in its population, although Billings has more African-American residents than Great Falls. These included a Native American language (64%), German (4%), Spanish (3%), Russian (1%), and Chinese (less than 0.5%). On January 15, 1972, a chinook wind blew in and the temperature rose from −54 to 49 °F (−47.8 to 9.4 °C). Massive debt was one. [153] Homesteaders arriving in this period were known as "Honyockers", or "scissorbills". 989,415… The following is a list of places of 5,000 or more inhabitants recognized by the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Deptartment of Commerce, based on July 1, 2004 Census Bureau estimates. [305], In more recent presidential elections, Montana has voted for the Republican candidate in all but two elections from 1952 to the present. Previously, these cold spells had killed off bark beetles, but these are now attacking the forests of western Montana. The Water Court adjudicates water rights claims under the Montana Water Use Act of 1973, and has statewide jurisdiction. Forecasts show Montana's population will grow 14% over the next 30 years, reaching 1.16 million by 2030. 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