Some birch will even grow successfully in wet ground as long as it is not waterlogged. That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. The small cone-like fruit opens and sheds small nutlet seeds in spring. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Birch trees are amongst the most well-known and elegant trees in the UK. It grows widely across the UK preferring a drier, sandier soil then downy birch.This often means downy birch is the more common birch in Ireland and Scotland and at higher altitudes. Slightly acidic soils (with a pH between 5.0 and 6.5) are ideal, but preferences vary with the species, with river birch favoring a pH below 6.5 while yellow birch is tolerant of alkaline conditions. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch Latin Name: Betula nigra Soil: Medium moisture, well-drained. Variety Information. Silver birch is a pioneer tree. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Seeds and bark of the birch are source of food for forest animals such as rabbits, deer and birds. River birch can be grown as either a single trunk or multi-stemmed tree. This spectacular River Birch is, in our opinion, a tree rivalled in its suitability for wet sites only by Alders and Willows, The shaggy, ruffled bark displays an array of colours and makes for brilliant year round interest. As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. Distribution It is native to North America. Acid, alkaline or neutral. Wood of birch tree is highly flammable. A champion specimen of this tree in Hamilton County, Ohio measured 87 feet tall in 1985. River birch (Betula nigra) Fruit and Seed Seedling: Propagation Method. Additionally, this tree has a … Creamy-grey and cinnamon brown base tones are highlighted with hints of pinky-orange, purple and gold. It can catch a fire even when it is wet. Very Small up to 5 metres (117) Small - 5-10 metres (134) Medium - 10-15 metres (42) Large - 15-20 metres (18) Very Large - 20 metres+ (16) Shape/habit. River Birch (Betula nigra) Habitat. A rather special variety of Birch tree, Betula Nigra is one of the few birches that will tolerate a hot spell and is an ornamental trees that will thrive in wet soil. Betula Nigra, River birch tree, is a lesser known tree, but none the less very useful for certain scenarios, where trees that require free draining soils will not survive the river birch, as its name suggests, will thrive on wetter soil conditions. Young River Birch. Some of the popular common names of the plants are Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch, East Asian white birch, bed wen, birk tree, lady birch, lady of the woods and weeping birch. They grow quickly and tend to showcase white, silver or even sometimes a bark with a slight pinkish tinge. Cultivated paper birches have a much shorter life if they are grown in the home landscape. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. It is the only birch to produce fruit in spring. Family Betulaceae . The river birch produces separate male and female flowers in the form of catkins. The striking bark varies from cream to pink , grey and brown, and on the younger trees it peels in numerous thin, shaggy layers. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Paper birch trees (Betula papyrafera), also known as white birch or silver birch, are popular garden trees. In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Position: Full sun to part shade. Downy birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species. Because of that, birch tree is used as high-quality firewood. Heritage® river birch. The fruit matures in autumn and is composed of numerous winged seeds. Betula Nigra - also known as River Birch, Black Birch and Red Birch. But this American species needs moisture in order to thrive, so it’s no good planting it on well-drained soil or in drier areas of the country. cone or cone-like; cone greater than 1 inch long; wings on both sides of scales; seed with wings; hairy winged nutlets; River Birch. If you prefer a shaggier texture, the River birch, Betula nigra, can look stunning. Multi-stem Betula nigra trees are narrow when young becoming very spreading with age as the upright trunks slowly spread outwards. The fruits will separate from the catkin-like aggregate and be spread by wind. Well Packaged & Quick Delivery. Fruit Characteristics. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. It is believed that the name “Birch” comes from the Indo-European word “bhereo”which means glossy white. River birch. River Birch is also the only birch that is found on the Coastal Plains of the US. Fruits can be collected in the spring in May to June just as they turn from green to brown. The birches is known as water birch, are popular garden trees to produce in! A … birch trees are narrow when young, spreading wider with age several. 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