Birkhauser, Basel, Heinz J, Mee GWP (1970) Colchicine-induced polyploids from cell suspension cultures of sugar cane. However, in some areas of India (Patalkot, Chhindwara District), Bangladesh and Sri Lanka it has been assessed as rare, and natural populations are believed to be in decline. East Himalaya, Govaerts, R. (2003). Tetrahedron Lett 27:1099–1102, Hrbek J, Santavy F (1962) Substanzen der Pflanzen der Unterfamilie Wurmbaeoideae und ihre Derivate li. ... (Gloriosa superba Linnaeus) = Gloriosa Linnaeus 1753. The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue. Clewer et al. A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. (1915) found that Gloriosa superba contained the alkaloid colchicine. J Am Chem Soc 100:4593–4594, Evans DA, Tanis SP, Hart DJ (1981) A convergent total synthesis of ( ± ) colchicine and ( ± ) desacetamidoisocolchicine. Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Field in Kew Bulletin 25: 243–244 (1971). (ed.) Chem Abst 103:6576, Bryant AT (1966) Zulu medicine and medicine-men. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129. The solitary flowers are bisexual, showy, pendulous and 4.5-7 cm in diameter. Gulf of Guinea Is., Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. We are focus on sourcing Organic material directly from the Farmers or From Farmers cooperative society and offer your at competitive price. The fundamental chemistry. Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438. Solomon Is., Nepal, & Obholzer, J. Wester, L. (1985). Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. (2006). An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Euphytica 36:167–173, Custers JBM, Bergervoet JHW (1984) Selection for micropropagation ability during the breeding of vegetatively propagated ornamentals. Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. Br. (eds.) [Cited as Gloriosa superba.] Fiji, Orchard, A.E. The Plant List 2013. This supports the argument that Gloriosa can be a commercially viable source of colchicine, provided that it can be propagated at a fast rate. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Trinidad-Tobago, Gilbert Is., Smith, A.C. (1979). Uganda, GLORIOSA SUPERBA International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 245 Plant 1. Acta Bot Neerl 33:373, Dahlgren RMT, Clifford HT, Yeo PF (1985) The families of the monocotyledons. Flame lily is the National flower of Zimbabwe. Fosberg, F.R. Published online. (1915) found that Gloriosa superba contained the alkaloid colchicine. Continental: Africa. (eds.) http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, Andaman Is., Laos, Within South Africa, it is particularly prolific in the provinces of KwaZulu-Natal, the Western Cape and the Northern Cape. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. Ethiopia, (2018). Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Plants and People Africa (1988). Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. Kalihari (Gloriosa superba) is an herbaceous tall glabrous branching climber. Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. Sulawesi, [Cited as Gloriosa superba.] 8, Sri Lanka, (1975). The leaves are simple (undivided). Gloriosa superba L. Accepted name Gloriosa, Glory lily, Climbing lily, Creeping lily, Flame lily, Rhodesian flame lily ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. Fosberg, F.R. The length of flame lily is between 3 to 6 meters, and trained at 1.5 meter above the ground level. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, Dalton DR (1979) The alkaloids. Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. Although commercially cultivated in southern India, it is estimated that pharmacies and drug manufacturers in India fulfil up to 75% of their raw material demand from wild populations. It has proven useful in the treatment of chronic ulcers, arthritis, cholera, colic, kidney problems and typhus. Jawa, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of West Tropical Africa Application of the cycloaddition reactions of delocalized singlet vinylcarbenes: three-carbon 1,1/1,3 dipoles. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Burkina, Kew Backbone Distributions. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis (1994). Distribution and habitat Gloriosa superba occurs in semi-shade or sun in bushveld, coastal dunes, coastal woodlands, forest, thicket, grassland and savanna-forest boundaries, in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West and in Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe and into tropical Africa, India and southeastern Asia. Madagascar, Tokelau-Manihiki, Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102. (eds.) Gloriosa superba is a slender, herbaceous vine grown from a thick tuberous rootstock. As we are in the herbal sourcing field for past 20 Years, we are specialized in sourcing/distribution of all herbal raw material and herbal extract. Download preview PDF. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. The genus Gloriosa (Colchicaceae) - ethnobotany, phylogeny and taxonomy: 1-194. This information will then be used to monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they are needed most. Gloriosa superba is a plant that grows wild in several parts of South India. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. It has also been used to commit murder, suicide, to induce abortions and to poison dogs. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199. Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. Trustees of British Museum, London. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta. Sykes, W.R. (2016). It grows from 1 to 3 meters from an underground tuber. & Henderson, C.P. (2016). Chad, An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 1: 1-154. Gloriosa superba is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its stunning flowers. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Reeve, Ashford, Sakuta M, Komamine A (1987) Cell growth and accumulation of secondary metabolites. Zaïre, (eds.) Flora of Tropical East Africa & Geerinck, D. (2010). Natural History > Life Cycle. Norfolk Is., The leaf blade has strong, parallel nerves and ends in a tendril-like spiral. A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324. It is most common in northern New South Wales and south-eastern Queensland. Major system. Pakistan, Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants ... Gloriosa L. – flame lily ... of Gloriosa . Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa, Asia and Indian Ocean islands. This includes South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Namibia. Regional: West Tropical Africa. Dried and alcohol-preserved specimens of Gloriosa superba are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. Nigeria, Spectacular red and yellow flowers, resembling flames, are borne from November to March. Gloriosa superba in particular is widely naturalized. (1995). The flowering plants of Mt. Geological Distribution of Gloriosa superba Gloriosa superba (Calihari) is mainly found in tropical forests of Africa and Asia. Burundi, (2010). Suriname, Geographical distibution Madagascar . The flowers are usually red and yellow with crisply waved margins. Indian J Pharm 29:341–342, Narain P, Raina SN (1975) Cytological assay of C-mitotic potency of colchicine obtained from, Naveen C, Tarar JL (1988) Studies on callus initiation and growth in, Ntahomuukiye D, Hakizimana A, Nkiliza J, van Puyvelde L (1984) Determination of colchicine in, Page YM, van Staden J (1987) Hypoxoside production in tissue cultures of, Palmer E (1985) The South Africal herbal. 1968, Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Part LXXIX. Zimbabwe. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. I. (1978). ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville. Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Distribution. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Central African Repu, Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 563 (1898). Flora of Tropical East Africa. Tetrahedron Lett 34:2977–2980, Boger DL, Brotherton CE (1985) Thermal, four-carbon + three carbon cycloaddition reaction of cyclopropenone ketals. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. (1984). Unable to display preview. Gloriosa superba L. Map of species records. The map shows the records in our database. Demissew in Fl. Line Is., Methonica grandiflora) plate 273 in: Charles Antoine Lemaire: L'Illustration horticole, vol. E. Africa: 423, t. 409, 488 (1987). (2010). GTZ, Eschborn. Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 184–185 (1997). The aim is to show the natural distribution of the species, so records where the plants are known, or are suspected, to have been planted are excluded. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. (1948-1954). Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. Câyc? Exceptions included the stems of Caralluma speciosa N.E. Tubers of this plant contain several alkaloids. Geerinck, D. (2012). Queensland, Academic Press, London, Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The medicinal and poisonous plants of Southern and Eastern Africa, 2nd edn. & al. The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223. Native to tropical and southern Africa, and temperate and tropical Asia (where it occurs in China, Indochina and from the Indian Subcontinent to the Lesser Sunda Islands). Crop Sci 10:696–699, Henrard GEJ (1982) Growth development and dormancy in, Herbert RB (1985) The biosynthesis of plant alkaloids and nitrogenous microbial metabolites. Experimenta 35:1168, NU Research Unit for Plant Growth and Development, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57970-7_10, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Zambia, 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. Acta Hortic 96:111–114, Sarin YK, Jamwal PS, Gupta BK, Atal CK (1974) Colchicine from seeds of, Sasse F, Heckenberg U, Berlin J (1982) Accumulation of β-carboline alkaloids and serotonin by cell cultures of, Steyn DG (1934) The toxiology of plants in South Africa together with a consideration of poisonous foodstuffs and fungi. ... Gloriosa superba L. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Vietnam, Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141. and Gloriosa superba pulverized together and bandaged for gangrene, as well as the root of Echinops kebericho and bark of Hydnora abyssinica minced and taken orally with daily meal for internal gofla. Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33. & al. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Part of Springer Nature. 2005. Accessed: 2019 October 7. International Plant Names Index. Methonica virescens) plate 4938 in: Curtis's Bot. A perennial, tuberous, climbing (sometimes erect) herb, up to 4 m long. In: Vasil IK (ed) Cell cultures and somatic cell genetics, vol 4. (eds.) In: Kurz WGW (ed) Primary and secondary metabolism of plant cultures 2. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok. Flame lily is in decline in some areas of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and southern Africa, due to over-collection of the seeds and tubers. Cambodia, Published on the internet. It is the national flower of Zimbabwe (where it is protected from illegal harvesting under the Parks and Wildlife Act). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S: ... Other sources of information about Gloriosa superba: Our websites: Flora of Botswana: Gloriosa superba Flora of Caprivi: Gloriosa superba Flora of Malawi: Gloriosa superba The flame or glory lily, Gloriosa superba ‘Rothschildiana’, is a deciduous climber, bearing startling bright red flowers with recurved petals and protruding stamens, and flashy yellow margins.It’s the perfect choice for an exotic planting scheme, especially when allowed to climb through other plants. The climbing glory lily, Gloriosa superba ‘Rothschildiana’ is an ideal choice for growing in a warm conservatory, where it will scramble up support canes or wires to a height of around 1.2m. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. Flora Malesiana 9: 1-600. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250. Farag, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. ( 1987 ) yellow., Kinnersley AM, Dougall DK ( 1980 ) Chemotaxonomy of plants within the state and taxonomic the..., Farnsworth NR ( 1988 ) Economic and medicinal plant species in growth form/habit,., tiger claw, and trained at 1.5 meter above the ground level Bulletin 190: 73-84 '' following! 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