The following table provides the approximate weight (dead load, self-weight) per linear foot of the various sizes of dimensional lumber (also called “structural lumber” or “finished lumber”) used in building construction in the US. If you’re allowed to span 16′ with your joists 16″ on center, but you only span 8′ with your joists 12″ on center, then that deck can hold substantially more weight. per square foot. Wood strength, including the relationship between grain direction and strength, specific gravity as an indication of wood strength, and additional ways to measure wood strength. A double 2x12 beam can span 12 feet; a (2) 2x10 can span 10 feet and so on. The weight of the lumber is automatically returned in pounds. Every piece meets the highest grading standards for strength and appearance. For example, 4 x 6 lumber is not on the list, but you can simply choose 2 x 6 and double the value. When supporting joists that span 12 feet with no overhang beyond the beam, a double ply beam can span in feet a value equal to its depth in inches. Dimensional Lumber Deck Beam Span Chart . I'd like to know how much weight a 4X6, 4X8, and 4X10 wood beam can carry over a 15 foot span. Next select a length in feet and inches. Smaller and shorter boards use considerable less time than larger and longer boards. I'm building a bed frame and thinking about using 1x8's as the sides. Smaller shorter pieces can dry in weeks. It’s possible that it could hold much more weight than 50 lbs. This lumber is for a wide range of uses from framing of houses to basic interior finishing applications. A 4x4 column is a lot stronger than a 4x4 beam. From Professor Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor: The grain direction (flat or vertical) has essentially no effect on the strength. Finally select a type. The numbers in gray indicate the distance between the support posts. This "wobble" will easily be compounded when additional weight is placed on the top shelf. A good 2x8 will support as much as a 4x6. To hold lots of weight as a beam, you would need a piece of wood that is about three or four times the vertical dimension as the horizontal, in cross section. The table provides the weight of lumber produced from three commonly used tree species: Sitka Spruce, Douglas Fir, and Southern Yellow Pine. (For example, a 2x6, or a 2x8). The choices on the list are kiln dried pine, green oak, pressure treated above ground, and pressure treated below ground. How much weight can a 1x8 vertical board hold? Anyways, I plan to screw and glue 1x2's to them to put the bed support boards on. Not sure what type of wood. The joists should support your weight, but the space between them almost certainly will not. It depends if you are using it as a column (vertical) or as a beam (horizontal). 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