Staupers’ success in ending discrimination in the Armed Forces Nurse Corps buoyed her struggle for the full integration of the American Nurses Association, which was achieved in 1948. In 1948, the American Nursing Association followed suit and allowed African-American nurses to become members after , Staupers dissolved the NAGCN because she believed the organization had completed its mission. Mabel Keaton Staupers, née Doyle, (born February 27, 1890, Barbados, West Indies—died November 29, 1989, Washington, D.C., U.S.), Caribbean-American nurse and organization executive, most noted for her role in eliminating segregation in the Armed Forces Nurse Corps during World War II. Her detailed diary entries revealed her daily work as a midwife at a time where little was known about healthcare workers. 9. Her second marriage to Fritz C. Staupers ended with his death in … Mabel Keaton Staupers, No Time For Prejudice: A Story of the Integration of Negroes in Nursing in the United States (New York: Macmillan, 1961); Darlene Clark Hines, Black Women in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005); “Mabel Staupers, 99, Leader for Nurses, Dies,” The New York Times (October 6, 1989). When the War Department began to consider a draft of nurses, Staupers enlisted the help of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and orchestrated a nationwide letter-writing campaign to convince President Franklin D. Roosevelt and other political leaders of the need to recognize black nurses. Richard Nathaniel Wright (September 4, 1908 – November 28, 1960) was an American author of novels, short stories, poems, and non-fiction. After she graduated from Freedman’s Hospital School of Nursing in Washington D.C., she spent the next decade working in Harlem. She came to the U.S. in 1903 with her parents. In 1922 Staupers returned to New York City to undertake a study of the health-care needs in Harlem. Not many people are able to pull off an issue like racial equality as gracefully as this woman did. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the…. She dedicated her career to improving the health of the impoverished black community. Mabel Keaton Staupers (née Doyle) was born in Barbados, West Indies on February 27, 1890 to Thomas Clarence Doyle and his wife, Pauline. "[3] Staupers became the executive secretary of NACGN, and the main goal of the association was to advance the status of African American nurses, most of whom were barred from nursing schools and professional associations in a number of states. Staupers immigrated to the United States with her family … A leader of vision, determination, and courage, Mabel Keaton Staupers helped break down color barriers in nursing at a time when segregation was entrenched in this country. She graduated from the Freedmen’s Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, DC in 1917, and in 1920 helped to establish the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium, the first hospital in Harlem to treat black Americans with … After graduating, she married James Max Keaton only to later divorce. In that capacity she led efforts to provide health care and education about tuberculosis within the Harlem neighborhood. Mabel Keaton Staupers. Mabel Keaton Staupers was born in Barbados, West Indies in 1890. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Florence Nightingale Founder of Modern Nursing (1820 to 1920) The history of modern nursing started in 1849, when Florence Nightingale began her first formal nursing training at the Institute of St. Vincent de Paul, in Alexandria, Egypt. After graduation, she worked as a private duty nurse. Most notable about the contributions of Estelle Massey Riddle Osborne and Mabel Keaton Staupers as outstanding black leaders of the 20th century were the passion and perseverance they shared. These women definitely were passionate about their beliefs and went above and beyond their duties as a nurse. In 1914 she enrolled in the Freedmen’s Hospital School of Nursing (Howard University College of Nursing) in Washington, D.C., and after graduating with honours in 1917, she became a private-duty nurse. Mabel Staupers was an advocate for racial equality in nursing. Mabel Keaton Staupers, Mary Carson Breckinridge, and Margaret Higgins Sanger were influential nursing figures that made an impact in the field of nursing. Mabel Keaton Staupers was determined to end racial prejudice in the field of nursing. Mabel Keaton Staupers - Warrior for Health Promotion and Anti-Discrimination. Staupers, Mabel (1890–1989)African-American nurse and activist responsible for gaining black nurses admittance into the American military. In 1945, the U.S Army opened its Armed Forces Nurses Corps to all applicants regardless of race. [5] She continued fighting for the full inclusion of nurses of all races in the U.S. military, which was granted in January 1945 because at the time the military had a strict 56 black nurse quota to enter the service and it enforced segregated practices for those who were already in the service. Faced with racial discriminationafter graduating from nursing school, Staupers became an advocate for racial equality in the nursing profession. In December 1935, Staupers attended a gathering of African American women leaders, organized by Mary McLeod Bethune to establish the National Council of Negro Women.[7]. Mabel Keaton (Staupers), a nurse, had been executive secretary of the Harlem Committee of the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association since 1922. As a trailblazer in the nursing profession, she is most known for ending segregation within the Armed Forces Nurse Corps during World War II. Staupers served as the director of nursing of the Washington Sanitarium in 1920–21 and afterward accepted a working fellowship at the Henry Phipps Institute for Tuberculosis in Philadelphia. Staupers immigrated to the United States with her family in 1903. [7] It was the first and one of the few in-patient centers founded to care for African Americans who had tuberculosis,[7] at a time when other hospitals refused black medical experts privileges or staffing positions. [2] In 1903, at the age of thirteen, she emigrated to the United States, Harlem, New York, with her parents, Pauline and Thomas Doyle and received American citizenship in 1917. In the 1920s she helped establish the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium, the first in-patient center in Harlem for black patients with tuberculosis. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Mabel Keaton Staupers (1890-1989) Mabel Keaton Staupers was a Barbados-born nurse who emigrated to the U.S. at age 13 with her parents and attended nursing school in Washington, DC. Education: Received degree from Freedmen’s Hospital School of Nursing (now Howard University College of Nursing), 1917. Mabel Keaton Staupers (February 27, 1890 – November 29, 1989) was a pioneer in the American nursing profession. After immigrating to the United States from Barbados as a teenager, Mabel Keaton Staupers enrolled in the Freedmen’s Hospital School of Nursing (now the Howard University College of Nursing) in Washington, D.C., in 1914.After working for a few years as a private-duty nurse, in 1920, she joined African-American physicians … Staupers made it her goal to treat the African-American community living … She also successfully paved the way for African Americans to be accepted in the U.S. military as well as other educational, institutional, and organiza… Mabel Keaton Staupers née Doyle (27 February 1890 - 29 November 1989), was an early leader in the American nursing profession as well as a businesswoman and a civil rights activist.Staupers played a leading role in overcoming racial segregation … [7] She used her influence and management skills and became executive secretary of the Harlem Committee of the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association,[7] a position she held for twelve years. Barbados, island country in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, situated about 100 miles (160 km) east of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. One of the major social changes led by Staupers and what she is known for today is playing a crucial role in the desegregation of the military's nursing corps during World War II. Faced with racial discrimination after graduating from nursing school, Staupers became an advocate for racial equality in the nursing profession. Born in 1890, Mabel Keaton Staupers was no stranger to racial discrimination. Mable Keaton Staupers Mabel Keaton Staupers (1890–1989), originally from Barbados, became a U.S. citizen in 1917 and studied nursing at Freedmen’s Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, D.C. Like Scales, a major focus of her early career was on battling tuberculosis, which had hit the black community especially hard. Name variations: Mabel Keaton Staupers; Mabel Doyle Keaton Staupers. Inexcusable as it was, Staupers didn’t let prejudice hold her back. Mabel Keaton Staupers, a long-time executive officer of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, worked over several decades to desegregate the nursing profession. In 1951, the NAACP honored Staupers with the Spingarn Medal in recognition of her efforts on behalf of black women workers. Hine, C. D., Hine, C. W., Harrold, S. (2011), National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, "Staupers, Mabel (1890–1989) | Encyclopedia.com", American Nurses Association 1996 Hall of Fame Inductee: Mabel Keaton Staupers, African American Registry: Mabel Staupers was a nursing pioneer, Mabel Staupers, 99, Leader for Nurses, Dies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mabel_Keaton_Staupers&oldid=979864185, Activists for African-American civil rights, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Nursing administration, assisting with the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium, advancing the status of African American nurses, This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 06:41. NOW 50% OFF! Throughout her career, she fought hard to integrate black professionals into the … She was an expert … In 1920 she joined black physicians Louis T. Wright and James Wilson to establish the Booker T. Washington Sanitarium, the first hospital in Harlem to treat black Americans with tuberculosis. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. She encountered segregated nurse training programs and found that African Americans were excluded from major organizations. Mabel Keaton Staupers, Caribbean-American nurse and organization executive, most noted for her role in eliminating segregation in the Armed Forces Nurse Corps during World War II. Mabel Keaton Staupers was a Caribbean-American registered nurse who in 1903 immigrated to the United States with her parents at the impressionable age of 13. Throughout her career, she fought hard to integrate black professionals into the … Updates? A Real Life "Storm"- Mabel Keaton Staupers RN Registered Nurse Mabel Keaton Staupers was one of the great superheroes in nursing's history, earning many awards, honors and certificates in her career. She became the organization’s first executive secretary, a post she held for twelve years. Staupers was a great organizer and an astute political tactician whose focus was social change. Mabel Keaton Staupers, a long-time executive officer of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, worked over several decades to desegregate the nursing profession. Mabel Keaton Staupers, 99, a retired nurse and a recipient of the Spingarn Medal, the highest honor of the NAACP, died Oct. 1 at her home in Washington. Mabel Keaton Staupers (February 27, 1890 – November 29, 1989) was a pioneer in the American nursing profession. [1] She also successfully paved the way for African Americans to be accepted in the U.S. military as well as other educational, institutional, and organizational structures. Outraged by this, Staupers attacked the hypocrisy of Surgeon General Norman T. Kirk's plan to draft white women as nurses instead of qualified black nurses to meet the shortage of nurses in the military. Arthur Lee Branch Papers, American Missionary Association Archives Addendum, Arthur T. Davidson papers, Dent Family papers, Jesse Olin Sheffield papers, Rivers Frederick papers, Joseph Hardin papers, Clarence C. Haydel papers, Williams F. Holmes papers, McClennan Family papers, Aubre De L. Maynard papers, Mabel Keaton Staupers … She published her autobiography, No Time for Prejudice: A Story of the Integration of Negroes in Nursing in the United States, in 1961. Corrections? It was through her constant efforts that African American nurses were accepted into the educational … [4] Staupers, along with the president of NACGN, Estelle Masse Riddle, led the struggle of black nurses to win full integration into the American nursing profession. The two-dimensional one … They overcame many challenges and are a big influence to … Mabel Keaton Staupers served as the secretary of the National Associated of Graduate Colored Nurses. 14 years later, she became a registered nurse. Born in 1890, Staupers was raised for the first part of her life outside of the country in the West Indies. Mabel Keaton Staupers (1890-1989): Advocate for Racial Equality in Nursing Staupers joined the Nation Association of Colored Graduate Nurses while still … Mabel Keaton Staupers (1890-1989). Jan 7, 2016 - Mabel Keaton Staupers was determined to end racial prejudice in the field of nursing. She attended Freedmen's Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, DC, where she graduated with honors. Her exposure to segregation and the dehumanizing conditions that minorities were often subjected to led to her resolve … She attended a nursing school in D.C. and graduated with honors. At the age of 13, Staupers emigrated to the United States. In 1914 she enrolled in the Freedmen’s Hospital Roughly triangular in shape, the island measures some 20 miles (32 km) from northwest to southeast and about 15 miles (25 km) from east to west at its widest…, United States, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). She wrote that "Negro nurses recognize that service to their country is a responsibility of citizenship. 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